Turner’s “EOMIA” — The Councils in Bibliographical Circles of Hell

N.B. I’m not a native English speaker, and I’m not keen on bothering friends and colleagues with proofreading. This means that you’ll have to pardon my French, my mistakes and/or stylistic blunders. Or even better, you can report them to me in comments, so that I can improve both this note’s quality and my proficiency in English. Thanks!

There is a very special place in hell for scholars who conceived complex series that won’t fit into any bibliographical standard. Such are Turner’s EOMIA:

Cuthbert Hamilton Turner, Ecclesiae Occidentalis Monumenta Iuris Antiquissima. Canonum et Conciliorum Graecorum interpretationes latinae, Oxford, 1899–1939

Turner gathered here all the pieces he could find regarding the Latin tradition of the first Greek Councils. For a given Council, for example Nicæa, you will not find the Greek texts, but rather their Antique Latin translations: that is, the versions that were actually read, copied and used in the West throughout the Middle Ages. And you’ll also find the Latin Late Antique and Mediaeval pieces relevant to the making, diffusion and understanding of these conciliar documents: third-party contemporaneous texts that eventually complete them, or the Latin translator’s introductions, or other pieces of scholarship that accompany these translations in the manuscripts. And, of course, Turner’s introductions, descriptions of manuscripts, summaries of handwritten traditions, critical notes, tables, indices, etc. etc.

The EOMIA are a monumental piece of scholarship. But it’s almost as difficult to comprehend as the nightmarish and tentacular handwritten tradition that it’s dealing with. Just to give a slight idea of the walking bibliographical horror that this thing is, the first part of the project was firstly published as “Fasciculus primus” with a “Pars prior” and “Pars altera”, but a higher-rank subdivision, “tomus”, was added later on. This supposedly transformed the “fasciculus primus” in a “tomi primi fasciculus prior”, but since the title pages of the first releases were already printed and published, the retroactive change was only implied, and it certainly didn’t help librarians to apprehend how the consecutive releases were supposed to fit together. Another example: the Canones Apostolorum were published in the very first release (EOMIA 1, 1, pp. 1–32), but an additional version was added later on, and its pages were then numbered from 32a to 32nn. Obviously some libraries had already bound the previous releases together, so you will find these additional pages anywhere but after EOMIA 1, 1, 1 p. 32. Yet another problem: what has to be identified as the “Tomi prioris fasciculus alter, pars secunda” was published without any indication of the like on its title page. This is where you can’t help but think: “Oh come on now, you’re just purposefully looking for problems, aren’t you?”

Because of these evil specifics, different libraries had different interpretations regarding how the series should be structured, resulting in different ways of binding the successive releases together. In Rome’s Augustinianum, I could see a volume called “I: 1–5” which contains [1, 1, 1 + 1, 1, 2 + 1, 2, 1 + “Fragmentum Veronense” + 1, 2, 2 + “Breviatio canonum” + 1, 2, 3 + 1, 2, 4], followed by another volume called “I: 2” which contains only, but repeatedly, [1, 2, 1 + “Fragmentum Veronense” + 1, 2, 3]. In the Vatican, the “Fragmentum Veronense” has been bound at the very end of a volume “I, 2”, that is, after 1, 2, 4, where you can be sure to never find it. Online, in this volume digitized on Archive.org, allegedly the “volume 1”, you’ll find [1, 1, 1 + 1, 1, 2 + 1, 2, 1 + “Fragmentum Veronense”], but you will not find 1, 2, 2; 1, 2, 3 or 1, 2, 4. And in the alleged “volume 2”, here, you’ll find [2, 1 + 2, 2], but not 2, 3.

Overall, both the structure of the series as a whole and its internal structure are incomprehensible without a full synopsis. Which is what I’ll try and provide here below. I must say that sometimes I couldn’t figure out, from the three exemplars that I examined, exactly how and when this or that section was published with regard to the others: so maybe a few corrections should be made here or there regarding these informations. Anyway; what seems most important is to get and give an idea of the invaluable content of the thing.

  • 1, 1, 1: “Fasciculi primi pars prior” — publ. 1899

    • Praefatio — pp. IX–XVI

    • Canones Apostolorum — pp. 1–33

    • Appendix I: Canonum Apostolorum tituli secundum codices F — p. 34

    • Concilium Nicaenum: Nomina Episcoporum with addenda — pp. 35–96

  • 1, 1, 2: “Fasciculi primi pars altera” — publ. 1904

    • Praefatio — pp. III–VIII

    • Appendix II: Patrum Nicaenorum catalogus secundum codicem Parisinum lat. 3838 (μ) —pp. 97–98

    • Appendix III: Patrum Nicaenorum catalogus secundum codicem Vaticanum 1319 (t) —pp. 99–101

    • Corrigenda ad Patrum Nicaenorum catalogum secundum codicem Vaticanum Reginensem 1997 (I) — p. 102

    • Concilium Nicaenum: Praefationes, Symbolum, Canones — pp. 103–143

      • i. Interpretatio Caeciliani

      • ii. Interpretatio Attici

      • iii. Interpretatio quae dicitur Prisca

      • iv. Interpretatio codicis Ingilrami; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

    • Appendix IV: Indices capitulorum Nicaenorum secundum codices interpretationis Priscae (J v) — p. 144

    • Appendix V: Indices capitulorum Nicaenorum secundum codicem Ingilrami (I) — p. 145

    • Appendix VI: Canones supposititii quattuor canonibus Nicaenis in codicibus v θ adiuncti —pp. 146–147

    • Appendix VII: Canones Nicaeni VI VII secundum actorum concilii Chalcedonensis interpretationes — p. 148

    • Addenda, sive adnotatiunculae apparatui critico minus propriae —pp. 149–152 + 2 tabl.

    • Concilium Nicaenum: Praefationes, Capitula, Symbolum, Canones — pp. 153–243

      • v. Interpretatio quae dicitur Gallica

      • vi. Interpretatio quae dicitur Gallo-Hispana

      • vii. Interpretatio sive paraphrasis abbreviata Rufini Aquileiensis; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

      • viii. Interpretatio quae falso dicitur Isidori

      • Addenda, sive adnotatiunculae apparatui critico minus propriae —p. 244–248

    • Concilium Nicaenum: Capitula, [Praefatio, Symbolum,] Canones — pp. 249–273

      • ix. Interpretatio Dionysii Exigui prior

      • x. Interpretatio eiusdem altera

    • Additamentum de Sylloga Q — pp. 274–277

    • Concilium Nicaenum — pp. 278–280

      • xi. Fragmentum Frisingense

  • 1, 2, 1: “Tomi prioris fasciculus alter, Pars prima” — publ. 1913
    Concilium Nicaenum: Appendices ad Symbolum pertinentes

    • Praefatio — pp. VII–XVI

    • Appendix VIII: Tomus Damasi papae — pp. 281–296

    • Appendix IX: Symboli interpretationes — pp. 297–328

    • Appendix X: Commentarii in symbolum — pp. 329–368

  • Additional section — publ. with 1, 2, 1? ed. A. Spagnolo
    Fragmentum Veronense… scilicet Apostolorum per Clementem Constitutiones… et Canones

    • [Praefatio] — 3 unnumbered pages

    • [Text] —pp. 32a—32nn

  • 1, 2, 2: “Opus Postumum” — publ. 1939, ed. E. Schwartz
    Supplementum Nicaeno-Gallicum]

    • Praefatio editoris —pp. V–VI

    • Concilium Arelatense I

      • Epistulae Imperatoriae — pp. 376–379

      • Epistula synodica et Canones — pp. 381–395

      • Episcoporum nomina — pp. 396–414

      • Adnotatiunculae et suppositicii canones — p. 416

    • Concilium Valentinum

      • Canones et nomina episcoporum — pp. 418–422

      • Epistula ad Foroiulienses — pp. 423–424

      • Canonum capitula et Epitome — pp. 425

    • Concilium Arelatense secundum

      • Canones I–XXV — pp. 427–435

    • Appendix XI: Concilii Nicaeni canones apud concilia Gallica, necnon apud Caesarium Arelatensem — pp. 436–440

    • Additional section
      Concilium Nicaenum: Breviatio canonum Fulgenti Ferrandi Carthaginiensis ante annum 550 post Christum edita —pp. 440a–440e

  • 1, 2, 3: “Tomi prioris fasciculus alter, Pars tertia” — publ. 1930
    Concilium Nicaenum: Supplementum Nicaeno-Romanum: scilicet Concilium Serdicense… et Gesta de nomine Apiarii

    • Praefatio — pp. IX–XVI

    • [I.] Concilium Serdicense

      • Textus canonum authenticus cum capitulis — pp. 444–486

      • Textus authenticus cum texto graeco et latinis graeci textus interpretationibus collatus — pp. 489–531

      • Canonum epitomae — pp. 535–544

      • Episcoporum nomina — pp. 545–559

    • [II.] Gesta de nomine Apiarii

      • Epistula Bonifatii Vrbis Romae episcopi ad vicarios Carthaginem missos data die XXVI mensis Aprilis anni 419 — p. 565

      • Concilii Carthaginensis Actio Prima (omissis canonibus) habita die XXV mensis Maii anni 419, cum additamentis nonnullis — pp. 566–595

      • Epistula a supra dicto concilio ad Bonifatium Vrbis Romae episcopum data die XXVI mensis Maii — pp. 596–608

      • Rescripta ad supra dictum concilium Cyrilli Alexandrini episcopi et Attici Constantinopolitani episcopi — pp. 609–613

      • Epistula ab alio concilio Carthaginense ad Caelestinum Vrbis Romae episcopum circa annum 425 vel 426 data, cum additamento — pp. 614–624

  • 1, 2, 4 [I couldn’t find a title page!]
    Supplementum Nicaeno-Alexandrinum, sive Conciliorum Nicaeni et Serdicensis Sylloge a Theodosio diacono [Carthaginensi] adservata, secundum codicem unicum Veronensem Bibliothecae Capitularis LX (58) saec. VII–VIII

    • Indices rerum quae in codice Veronensi LX (58) continentur —pp. 625–626

    • A. Quae ad concilium Nicaenum pertinent

      • Concilii Nicaeni ad ecclesiam Alexandrinam et episcopos Aegypti Libyae et Pentapolis epistula — pp. 629–630

      • Imperatoris Constantini de concilio Nicaeno ad ecclesia Alexandrinam epistula — p. 631

      • Imperatoris Constantini aduersus Arrium rescriptum — pp. 632–633

      • Episcoporum Aegyptiorum necnon Petri Alexandrini scriptae de causa Meletii epistulae — pp. 634–636

    • B. Quae ad concilium Orientalium Serdicense siue Philippopolitanum pertinent

      • Notitia concilii — p. 637

      • Eiusdem concilii pseudo-Serdicensis Symbolum fidei et cyclus paschalis — pp. 638–643

    • C. Quae ad concilium Serdicense pertinent

      • Hosii Cordubensis et Protogenis Sardicensis ad Iulium papam epistula — p. 644

      • Epistola Synodica cum expositione fidei — pp. 645–653

      • S. Athanasii ad clerum Alexandriae et Paremboles epistula —pp. 654–656

      • Concilii Serdicensis ad Mareoticas ecclesias epistula — pp. 657–658

      • S. Athanasii ad easdem apud Mareotam ecclesias epistula — pp. 659–662

    • D. Quae ad S. Athanasii uitam pertinent

      • Vitae Athanasii Historia acephala — pp. 663–671

  • 2, 1: “Tomi secundi pars prior” — publ. 1907
    Concilia Ancyritanum et Neocaesariense

    • Praefatio —pp. VI–XII

    • Tabulae — pp. 1–2

    • Concilia Ancyritanum et Neocaesariense: canones

      • i. Interpretatio Gallica; Epitome eiusdem Hispana — pp. 3–15

      • Addenda, sive adnotatiunculae apparatui critico minus propriae — pp. 16–17

    • Concilia Ancyritanum et Neocaesariense: capitula, praefatio, canones, nomina episcoporum — pp. 18–32

      • ii. Interpretatio quae dicitur Prisca

    • Concilia Ancyritanum et Neocaesariense: capitula, praefatio, nomina episcoporum, canones — pp. 33–141

      • iii. Interpretationis quae falso dicitur Isidori recensio antiqua; eiusdem Epitome Ferrandi

      • iv. Interpretationis quae falso dicitur Isidori recensio vulgata; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

      • v. Interpretatio Dionysii Exigui prior

      • vi. Interpretatio eiusdem altera

    • Appendix I. Capitula interpretationi canonum Ancyritanorum Isidorianae praefixa in codice Λ —p. 142

    • Appendix II. Praefatio supposititia conciliis Ancyritano Neocaesariensi Gangrensi praemissa secundum codices Gallicos C K A — p. 143

    • Appendix III. Canones supposititii qui post canones Ancyritanos, tamquam et ipsi Ancyritani, in codicibus u v w inueniuntur — p. 144

    • Appendix IV. Canon supposititius qui post canones Neocaesarienses, tamquam et ipse Neocaesariensis, in codice w inuenitur — p. 144

  • 2, 2: “Tomi secundi pars altera” — publ. 1913
    Concilium Gangrense; Concilium Antiochenum

    • Praefatio —pp. VI–VIII

    • Tabula, index — pp. 145–146

    • Concilium Gangrense: Canones — pp. 147–149

      • i. Interpretatio Gallica; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

    • Concilium Gangrense: Capitula, Epistula Synodica cum nominibus episcoporum, canones — pp. 150–160

      • ii. Interpretatio quae dicitur Prisca

    • Concilium Gangrense: Capitula, Epistula Synodica cum nominibus episcoporum, canones — pp. 161–214

      • iii. Interpretationis quae falso dicitur Isidori recensio antiqua; eiusdem Epitome Ferrandi

      • iv. Interpretationis eiusdem recensio vulgata; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

      • v. Interpretatio Dionysii Exigui prior

      • vi. Interpretatio eiusdem altera

    • Tabula qua ostenduntur numerus et ordo canonum Antiochenorum secundum diuersas interpretationes siue syllogas — p. 215

    • Concilium Antiochenum: Canones — pp. 216–217

      • i. Interpretatio Gallica; Epitome eiusdem Hispana

    • Concilium Antiochenum: Capitula, Epistula Synodica, Canones, Nomina episcoporum — pp. 218–315

    • Appendix V. Capitula interpretationi canonum Isidorianae praefixa in codicibus C T E — pp. 316–317

    • Appendix VI. Canon suppositicius qui post canones Antiochenos, tamquam et ipse Antiochenus, in codice I inuenitur — p. 318

    • Appendix VII. Canones Antiocheni in Actis Chalcedonensibus laudati — pp. 319–320

  • 2, 3 — [I couldn’t find the title page!]
    Concilium Laodicenum; Concilium Constantinopolitanum]

    • Canonum Laodicensium numeri et ordinis secundum diuersas interpretationes siue syllogas conspectus — pp. 321–322

    • Concilium Laodicenum: Capitula, Canones — pp. 323–400

      • i. Interpretatio quae falso dicitur Isidori; Epitome Hispana; Epitome Fulgentii

      • ii. Interpretatio Dionysii Exigui prior

      • iii. Interpretatio eiusdem altera

    • Concilium Constantinopolitanorum numeri et ordinis secundum diuersas interpretationes siue syllogas conspectus — p. 401

    • Concilium Constantinopolitanum: Capitula, Canones — pp. 402–426

      • i. Interpretatio quae dicitur Prisca

      • ii. Interpretatio quae falso dicitur Isidori; Epitome Hispana

      • iii. Interpretatio Dionysii Exigui prior

      • iv. Interpretatio eiusdem altera

    • Concilium Constantinopolitanum: Capitula, Canones — pp. 427–431

      • v. Interpretatio Actorum Concilii Chalcedonensis Latine redditorum

      • vi. Interpretatio codicis Parisini lat. 3858C

      • Adnotatiunculae — p. 432

    • Concilium Constantinopolitanum: Nomina episcoporum — pp. 433–464

      • i. Interpretatio quae dicitur Prisca

      • ii. Interpretatio quae dicitur Isidori

      • iii. Textus authenticus Graecus

      • iv. Interpretationis Dionysianae alterius recensio ampliata

    • Adnotationes nonnullae ad concilium (canones et nomina episcoporum) Constantinopolitanum pertinentes — pp. 464a–464c

    • Symbolum Constantinopolitanum — pp. 465–472

Pierre Chambert-Protat

Membre de l'École française de Rome, section Moyen Âge

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Pierre Chambert-Protat

Membre de l'École française de Rome, section Moyen Âge

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